NEW YORK TIMES EDITORS’ CHOICE • A deeply reported, searingly honest portrait of the death penalty in Texas—and what it tells us about crime and punishment in America

“If you’re one of those people who despair that nothing changes, and dream that something can, this is a story of how it does.”—Anand Giridharadas, The New York Times Book Review

WINNER OF THE J. ANTHONY LUKAS WORK-IN-PROGRESS AWARD


In 1972, the United States Supreme Court made a surprising ruling: the country's death penalty system violated the Constitution. The backlash was swift, especially in Texas, where executions were considered part of the cultural fabric, and a dark history of lynching was masked by gauzy visions of a tough-on-crime frontier. When executions resumed, Texas quickly became the nationwide leader in carrying out the punishment. Then, amid a larger wave of criminal justice reform, came the death penalty’s decline, a trend so durable that even in Texas the punishment appears again close to extinction.

In Let the Lord Sort Them, Maurice Chammah charts the rise and fall of capital punishment through the eyes of those it touched. We meet Elsa Alcala, the orphaned daughter of a Mexican American family who found her calling as a prosecutor in the nation's death penalty capital, before becoming a judge on the state's highest court. We meet Danalynn Recer, a lawyer who became obsessively devoted to unearthing the life stories of men who committed terrible crimes, and fought for mercy in courtrooms across the state. We meet death row prisoners—many of them once-famous figures like Henry Lee Lucas, Gary Graham, and Karla Faye Tucker—along with their families and the families of their victims. And we meet the executioners, who struggle openly with what society has asked them to do. In tracing these interconnected lives against the rise of mass incarceration in Texas and the country as a whole, Chammah explores what the persistence of the death penalty tells us about forgiveness and retribution, fairness and justice, history and myth.

Written with intimacy and grace, Let the Lord Sort Them is the definitive portrait of a particularly American institution.
“A searing history of the rise and fall of capital punishment . . . Let the Lord Sort Them urges readers to reckon with the ugliest aspects of Texas history, and with how the political debate over the death penalty has elided the long-lasting trauma that executions inflict on everyone involved.”Texas Monthly

“It’s a book pitched straight into the gulf between universal theory and individual experience.”—Josephine Livingstone, The New Republic

“Maurice Chammah has given us an indispensable history of how the debate over capital punishment has taken shape in our courts. And by centering the book deep in the heart of Texas, ‘the epicenter of the death penalty,’ he lays bare the human experience of litigating these heartrending cases through remarkably intimate, fair-minded, and trustworthy reporting on the people arguing over the fate of human life.”—Robert Kolker, New York Times bestselling author of Hidden Valley Road: Inside the Mind of an American Family

“An extraordinarily hopeful glimpse of a future in which we are finally beginning to imagine a very different version of justice—one in which the immediate and generational fallout is not so devastating.”—Heather Ann Thompson, Pulitzer Prize–winning author of Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and Its Legacy

“Superbly reported and beautifully written, Let the Lord Sort Them shines a bright light in the darkest corners of the criminal justice system. It is a masterwork of nonfiction that will stay with you long after you’ve finished reading.”—Gilbert King, Pulitzer Prize–winning author of Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America

“Texas and the death penalty have a history, as they say. Melding intimate portraits with sweeping scholarship, he reveals the lies we tell ourselves in the name of justice.”—Ken Armstrong, Pulitzer Prize–winning reporter and co-author of Unbelievable

Let the Lord Sort Them gives us the story of the death penalty through the eyes of the attorneys, legislators, judges, criminals, and victims for whom one of our oldest and most contentious policy debates became frighteningly real. It’s a wonderfully written blend of history and reportage, delivered with sensitivity and grace.”—Nate Blakeslee, New York Times bestselling author of American Wolf and Tulia

“It’s impossible to understand the death penalty in America without understanding the death penalty in Texas. Maurice Chammah’s lyrically written, meticulously researched volume does more to advance our understanding of the state’s peculiar devotion to executions than any book before it.”—Evan Mandery, author of A Wild Justice: The Death and Resurrection of Capital Punishment in America and professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice

“Nobody, neither death-penalty supporter nor abolitionist, will come away from Let the Lord Sort Them without having her or his belief in the fairness of the death penalty system utterly shaken if not entirely destroyed.”—David R. Dow, author of The Autobiography of an Execution and Cullen Professor, University of Houston Law Center