A rich exploration of the importance of books and libraries in the ancient world that highlights how humanity’s obsession with the printed word has echoed throughout the ages—from one of Spain’s most celebrated authors.

Long before books were mass-produced, scrolls hand-copied on reeds pulled from the Nile were the treasures of the ancient world. Emperors and Pharaohs were so determined to possess them that they dispatched emissaries to the edges of earth to bring them back. When Mark Antony wanted to impress Cleopatra, he knew that gold and priceless jewels would mean nothing to her. So, what did her give her? Books for her library—200,000 in fact. The long and eventful history of the written word shows that books have always been and always will be a precious—and precarious—vehicle for civilization.  
Papyrus is the story of the book’s journey from oral tradition to scrolls to codices, and how that transition laid the very foundation of Western culture. Luminous and brilliantly discursive, award-winning author Irene Vallejo evokes the great mosaic of literature in the ancient world from Greece’s itinerant bards to Rome’s multimillionaire philosophers, from opportunistic forgers to cruel teachers, erudite librarians to defiant women, all the while illuminating how ancient ideas about education, censorship, authority, and identity still resonate today. Crucially, Vallejo also draws connections to our own time, from the library in war-torn Sarajevo to Oxford’s underground labyrinth, underscoring how words have persisted as our most valuable creations.  
Through nimble interpretations of the classics, playful and moving anecdotes about her own encounters with the written word, and fascinating stories from history, Vallejo weaves a marvelous tapestry of Western culture’s foundations and identifies the humanist values that helped make us who we are today. At its heart a spirited love letter to language itself, Papyrus takes readers on a journey across the centuries to discover how a simple reed grown along the banks of the Nile would give birth to a rich and cherished culture. 
Advance Praise for Papyrus
“[A] masterpiece . . . I am absolutely certain that it will continue to be read when its readers today are already in the afterlife.” —Mario Vargas Llosa 

"Irene Vallejo's Papyrus is a remarkable work that defies easy categorisation: part cultural history, part memoir, part journey of the imagination. In telling the story of books in the ancient world, Vallejo makes a powerful case for their enduring importance." —Toby Wilkinson, New York Times best-selling author of The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt

"Vallejo deftly guides us through the world of ancient books in this exquisite, erudite account. History at its absolute best: learned, vibrant, captivating." —Violet Moller, author of The Map of Knowledge

“Irene Vallejo has a level of authority that reminds me of Elena Ferrante. This is a marvelous book. I am beside myself with envy of the life and mind that produced it. There are very few things—Jane Austen, Virginia Woolf, metaphysical poetry—I read in bed until I swoon into sensuous bafflement at the power of words. Papyrus is now on that short list.” —Sarah Ruden, author of The Face of Water

“Vallejo’s very personal extended essay is a hymn, a paean, to the written word, to alphabetic script, to literacy and, not least, libraries. . . . A stunningly varied work.” —Paul Cartledge, author of The Spartans

“Written in a lush and immersive style and shot through with sparkling turns of phrase, this is catnip for bibliophiles and ancient history buffs.” Publishers Weekly

A sprawling, learned, lively personal history tour of books.” Kirkus Reviews
International Praise for Papyrus
 “A literary phenomenon . . . Elegant and richly digressive . . . A passionate vindication of the act of reading.” —The Times Literary Supplement (United Kingdom) 
“With a consummate sense of storytelling, and a real delight in writing, [Papyrus] transforms these historical facts into a picaresque journey. . . . This hefty, erudite and lyrical volume, passionate and precise, should be read like a great love song to books, to their diversity, their innumerable benefits, their simple modesty.” —Le Monde (France) 

“With a first-rate writer’s mesmerizing gift for storytelling . . . Vallejo unravels the beleaguered and often fortuitous history of the book.” —Corriere Della Sera (Italy) 
 “One can be a masterful philologist and at the same time write like the angels . . . A true literary feast.” —ABC (Spain)